Germany is divided into 16 partly sovereign federal states. The State of Bavaria is the largest federal state in the Federal Republic of Germany, covering an area of about 70,500 square kilometres with about 12.6 million inhabitants; thus inhabitating a larger population than Greece, Portugal or Israel. Bavaria lies in the south-east of Germany and borders Austria, the Czech Republic and, across the Lake of Constance, Switzerland. Bavaria is subdivided into seven government districts: Upper Bavaria, Lower Bavaria, Swabia, Lower Franconia, Upper Franconia, Central Franconia and the Upper Palatinate. Munich, the provincial capital, is the largest city with about 1.4 million inhabitants and is located in Upper Bavaria. Other large cities are Nuremberg, Augsburg, Regensburg, Ingolstadt and Würzburg.
Bavaria has a very good transport infrastructure. Many important motorways run through Bavaria, which makes it easy to travel fast within the State. Additionally, Bavaria is easily accessible from Austria, Italy or Switzerland, or even from other German federal states.
The State also has three international airports located in Munich, Nuremberg and Memmingen. In addition, the Bavarian municipalities have well-developed train stations, thus ensuring quick and smooth travel by train. You can even take your bike with you on the train.